السبت، 22 مارس، 2014

تعريف كرة السلة بالانجليزية

definitionsThe game of basketballBasketball is a game played by two (2) teams of five (5) players each. The goal of each team is to score in the basket of the opponent and prevent it from scoring.The play is directed by referees, table officials and commissioner, if any.The rulesThis is for one of two teams of 5 players to score more points than the other by traversing up and down the opponent's basket with the ball.Basketball is played on a rectangular field 28 m long and 15 m wide, and under a ceiling height of at least 7 m.basketsThe baskets are placed in the middle of two widths of the ground at a height of 3.05 m above the ground . They consist of a wearing a net 40 cm deep drilled base metal circle 45 cm in diameter. This circle is set horizontally on a panel hardwood or Plexiglas 1.80 m long and 1.20 m wide.the flaskThe ball is spherical , from rubber or synthetic material . Its weight is 600-650 g . Its circumference is between 75 and 78 cm. For mini basketball (7-8 years), the weight of the balloon is 450 to 500 g , and for the baby basket (5-6 years), 300 g and a diameter of 20 cm.Regulation :teamsEach team consists of 5 players with the ability to have 5 replacements (7 internationally) . The coach may request the replacement of one or more players during the game. The number of substitutions is not limited .Duration of the gamePart of basketball is a four -quarter time 10 min effective time ( four -quarter time of 12 minutes in the NBA ) . The stopwatch is stopped at every whistle of the referee. A break of 10 to 15 minutes is marked halftime . In case of equal score at the end of regulation time, one or more extensions than 5 minutes can be played . Coaches of each team may request each time one death in each quarter time ( in the last 2 possible ) .arbitrationThe parties are led by two referees who ensure compliance. They are assisted by at least three officials: a marker , noting the points and personal fouls , a timer, which monitors the playing time and count stoppage time , an operator " 25 seconds," which occurs when time is exceeded .Gestures referees are at the bottom of the page.the scoreA shot for success has a different value depending on the location of the land on which it is drawn. It is worth 3 points if successful beyond the line of 6.25 m , 2 points if successful below this line and 1 point when executing a throw.The engagement partyThe commitment part is at the beginning of each half by an in-between , the referee throws the ball vertically between two opposing players placed face to face in the center circle , back to the basket of their team. The other players stand where they want on the field except in the circle where is the commitment .Time rules :The rule of 25 secondsThe team with the ball has 25 seconds to pull the cart. Beyond this time, she loses the ball .The 8-second ruleThe team with the ball in his own half has 8 seconds to pass in the opponent's half. Return to his own half is prohibited.The 5-second ruleAn attacker in possession of the ball 5 seconds to make an action game , passing, dribbling or shooting . This rule is only valid under defensive pressure . The ball carrier can stay 20 seconds with the ball under his arm if he wants since there is no defense that the press.The 3 second ruleWhen a team has the ball , none of his players should stay more than 3 seconds in the restricted area of the opposing team .Faults :the walkIt is forbidden to move ball in hand by performing more than two ground supports . It is possible to move by bouncing the ball on the ground with one hand while dribbling .contactsA player who does not have the ball must not touch an opponent. A player with the ball must not to force an opponent. These two cases are considered personal fouls . At the fifth personal foul ( sixth in the NBA ), the player is permanently removed from the game .The penalty is two free throws when the foul is committed on a player in a position to take in the region of 2 points. If the basket between despite the fault , it is granted and is accompanied by an additional launch franc. If the foul is committed when the player is firing 3 points and the shot is missed , the penalty is three throws. If the basket between despite the fault , it is granted and is accompanied by an additional launch franc. A throw-in by the opposing team off the field to the tune of the fault is provided when it is committed against a non shooter player .Technical foulsTechnical fouls penalize unsportsmanlike conduct by a coach or a player and cost 2 free throws. If the team has accumulated four fouls in the same quarter time, following the same mistakes committed on a player who is not in firing position, give two free throws to pull the attacking team .Disqualifying faultsDisqualifying fouls awarded contrary to the settlement behavior. The player is sent , the opposing team receives 2 free throws and possession of the ball.

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