The term " street child " problem. Street not birth noted a street child in the city of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso. The street children can be defined according to UNICEF ( United Nations Fund for Children ) based on the following parameters:
• They live in the city
• Family relationships are reliable if they exist
• Children develop survival strategies
• The street is their main habitat and replaces the family as a forum for socialization
• Children are exposed to significant risks specific .
" These children are different from children working in the street and returning daily to their families. However, they have common characteristics that are related to the life led in the street. They develop survival strategies because their street provides resources , but it is up to them to take advantage of these resources by taking initiatives , conducting dynamic actions to stay alive and protect against potential threats, " as noted by this article focuses street children in Abidjan.
Causes of the presence of children in the street
The situation of street children should be seen as a response to a sequence and combination of various factors. "We think in particular the structural factors (eg poverty , demographic explosion, rural exodus, physical and psychological situation of urban families , injustices due to the dominant form of globalization, schooling and non -schooling ) and relational ( submission to daily violence , such as rejection, contempt, imitation contrary, the obligation to deviant behavior or the highest tender seduction thereof ) "indicates that article.
The direct causes that can explain the stay of children on the street in various cities of African countries and the third world countries are among others: - The " foster" children tutors - Abuse - Armed conflict - The disagreements in marriage , separations and difficulties in parenting - the direct consequences related to STI / HIV - poverty
Children and street youth are a reflection of the societies in which we live. Poverty , disease, lack of education , wars and child labor are all factors that precipitate each year thousands of children to media other than their family. The arrival of these street children aged between 5 and 16 years. It is not uncommon for them to survive several months or even several years. The street becomes their home they had to flee their own. They are sometimes found as a family ( a brother and sister , etc. . ) .
The world has , according to UNICEF, at least 100 million of these children and young people living and sleeping on the streets , parks and abandoned buildings , seeking a little warmth , comfort and safety. Continent most affected by this phenomenon are Asia , Africa and Latin America. The latter alone has 30 million young people . In several countries such as Colombia, Brazil and Guatemala , paramilitary groups still eliminate those children who did not choose to live on the street , but who are found by the force of circumstances.
The conditions in which these young people are surviving substantial social, economic , political and religious structures of our societies. Agrarian reforms, neo -liberal policies , the constraints imposed by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) , the conservatism of many states and their silence at the situation of their youth are direct causes of the depletion of populations of the world.
Canada does not currently trading the percentage he had promised to give to international aid. Yet Canadian mines , which hold a large number of mining production in Latin America, show profits more important, enough to want to move women and children in the Petén in Guatemala, after 25 years ...
Although our modern societies are not immune to this phenomenon ( 150,000 homeless people in Canada) , age and the conditions in which these children bathe Another World show a very different picture than what we are accustomed .
Street , for these children, it is their middle socialization , their home ( a park, a street corner ) , their playground . They survive as a family they have left or fled them for a long time They 5,10 or 17. What unites them is the world in which they live , which could give them the chance to just be kids . They are there for a few days to a few years and live in these areas as we live in our homes. The street life is a winding path where sadness , loneliness and rejection are part of everyday life. They are only children and despite their living conditions and their age , they share and help each other. In the street, it is also the joy, hope and wisdom found in having the privilege to work with.