الجمعة، 28 مارس، 2014

مبادئ واسس التنشيط التربوي



مبادئ وأسس التنشيط التربوي1]
يعتمد التنشيط التربوي على مجموعة من المبادئ الأسس وهي:
-       دمقرطة العلاقات.
-       تشجيع الكفاءات وتطويرها.
-       تطوير فن الإنصات.
-       اعتماد تقنيات مناسبة للجماعة.
-       اقتصار القيادة على التوجيه والإرشاد والمساعدة.
-       حماية وصيانة فضاء الجماعة من جميع الشوائب الصحية والخلقية والاجتماعية.
-       تخطيط النشاط عبر قرار جماعي.
-       استثمار التغذية الراجعة في مراجعة أسلوب العمل.
كما يشار إلى هاته المبادئ والأسس في دليل التواصل البيداغوجي وتقنيات التنشيط التربوي على الشكل الآتي:[2]
§     الاندماج والملاءمة الاجتماعية.
§     التواصل.
§     الترفيه.
§     التثقيف.
§     ترسيخ القيم والمبادئ.
§     إشاعة روح التعاون والعمل الجماعي.
§     اكتشاف المواهب وصقلها.
§     الانفتاح على الذات وعلى الآخر.
§     التقويم والعلاج.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
ويجب على المنشط الفعال أن يتميز بالصفات التالية: [3]
·       التشبع بمبادئ التنشيط.
·       الالتزام بتثقيف الذات والانفتاح على كافة المعارف والعلوم، وبخاصة تلك التي تعتبر إحدى الروافد المنعشة لآلية التنشيط.
·       التحكم في تقنية البرمجة اللغوية- العصبية.
·       الاقتناع بثقافة الحوار وتقبل النقد والاختلاف.
·       التمكن من مهارة الارتجال واتخاذ المبادرة.
·       سرعة البديهة.
·       المداومة على التكوين واستكمال التكوين.
·       القدرة على التخطيط والتنفيذ والتقويم .
وتقتصر أدواره في عملية التنشيط التربوي:
v   تدخل احتمالي: عند اختيار أهداف النشاط.[4]
v   تدخل ضرورة: عند إقرار النظام او عجز في العمل.
v   تدخل عرضي: متى طلب منه التدخل.
v   تدخل كفاءة: متى لاحظ أن هناك أشياء يمكن أن تفيد في تطور العمل.
v   تدخل على مستوى التحليل: وذلك بتسليط الأضواء على الخطابات القيام بتوضيح للمشاعر الرائجة وتدخله هنا تدخل معالج.
v   تدخل على مستوى التنظيم: حيث يمكن للتدخل أن يصب على إعطاء بعض النصائح واقتراح طرق العمل... إلخ.
v   تدخل على مستوى المحتويات: وذلك من خلال تقديم بعض الأفكار والإخبار ببعض المعطيات والقيام بوضع الاستنتاجات وتوضيح بعض المعلومات ووضع مجموعة نقط حول الأسئلة المطروحة، وتدخله هنا يكون تدخل عالم.


[1]  - بحث في الاندية التربوية  و دورها في تنشيط الحياة المدرسية للاستاذ  رشيد نوري على الرابط الالكتروني www.dafatiri.com:
[2] - دليل التواصل البيداغوجي وتقنيات للتنشيط التربوي عن مديرية المناهج والحياة المدرسية، غشت 2009، ص:15.
[3] - دليل التواصل البيداغوجي وتقنيات التنشيط التربوي عند مديرية المناهج والحياة المدرسية، غشت 2009، ص:16.
[4]  -  دليل التواصل البيداغوجي وتقنيات التنشيط التربوي عند مديرية المناهج والحياة المدرسية، غشت 2009، ص:16

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