1-Harry Collis ”101 american superstition: understanding language and culture through superstition” it was published by NTC Publishing
Group,U.S. (1 décembre 1997) this book gives us an insight into American customs, beliefs, and humor. Each superstition is accompanied by an explanation and then is used in a real-life context - either in a dialogue or in a narrative - to show how these beliefs and behaviors fit into everyday life. This lively text offers nonnative speakers of English a wealth of linguistic and cultural information - while native speakers of English will enjoy seeing these principles of folk wisdom illustrated with wit and whimsy.
2- Stuart Vyse “ believing in magic the psyhcology of supestition” 1994 it was published by Oxford University Press by Stuart A. Vyse who is Joanne Toor Cummings '50 Professor of Psychology at Connecticut College. renowned superstition expert Stuart Vyse investigates our tendency towards these irrational beliefs. Anyone remotely interested in critical thinking should read this.
3- John O West “ Mexican-American folklore” 1988 this book was published by August House, it includes american folklore series including superstitions and beliefs coming with a definition of both of them and how to distinguish betweent them
4- Dale B.Martin “ inventing superstition” 2004 it was published by the president and fellows of Harvard College. Dale Martin provides the first detailed genealogy of the idea of superstition, its history over eight centuries, from classical Greece to the Christianized Roman Empire of the fourth century C.E. With illuminating reference to the writings of philosophers, historians, and medical teachers he demonstrates that the concept of superstition was invented by Greek intellectuals to condemn popular religious practices and beliefs, especially the belief that gods or other superhuman beings would harm people or cause disease.
Jim Hoagland “the dessert news” Friday, march 13,1942 jim Hoagland is the journalist who write an article on the date above in the name of “ it’s a coincidence not a bad luck, still it is Friday the thirteenth” interviewing a girl named Barbara who celebrates her birthday of 13, Friday and who shows no fear to that day as an unlucky day stressing that it is a coincident andnot a superstition.
Sra Brennan “ Rome News-Tribune” Tuesday, avril 9,2002 is the journaliste who wrote an article on the date above named “was it just a coincidence?” investigating the events happened on the attack of 11 septembre in the US considering the number 11 as an unlucky number which was strongly present in that day.
Rev william’’ Beaver county Times” Saturday, january 17,1976 Rev William is the journalist who wrote the article under the name of a religious message beyond superstition stressing that any religion has a superstition inside it.
All of these sources have a common interest which is superstition and its psychology.every source serves me in providing a deffirent aspects of superstition in many areas , in sport, education, religion, culture and so on. Each of them complete the other in such a way. And provides a very interesting information about superstition in the american world and how american people dealswith that supernatural term and to which extend they believe in it to come with the answer of the question is superstition in american irrational abnormal or neither?